Ruixiang's Notes

C++ Notes

C++ Notes

Convert C++ Function Pointer to C Function Pointer

Sometimes, you may want to pass a C++ member function as the callback function to a C library API function. Likely people will tell you it's only possible if the member function is static. But here is one possible solution

template <typename T>
struct Callback;
template <typename Ret, typename... Params>
struct Callback<Ret(Params...)> {
template <typename... Args>
static Ret callback(Args... args) { return func(args...); }
static std::function<Ret(Params...)> func;
};
// Initialize the static member.
template <typename Ret, typename... Params>
std::function<Ret(Params...)> Callback<Ret(Params...)>::func;
//////////////////////////////////////////////
struct Foo {
void print(int* x) { // Some member function.
std::cout << *x << std::endl;
}
};
int main() {
Foo foo; // Create instance of Foo.
// Store member function and the instance using std::bind.
Callback<void(int*)>::func = std::bind(&Foo::print, foo, std::placeholders::_1);
// Convert callback-function to c-pointer.
void (*c_func)(int*) = static_cast<decltype(c_func)>(Callback<void(int*)>::callback);
// Use in any way you wish.
std::unique_ptr<int> iptr{new int(5)};
c_func(iptr.get());
}
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